What is Egg Donation?
Egg donation is the process whereby a woman uses oocytes from a donor to fulfill her desire of becoming a mother. The oocytes from the donor are combined with spermatozoa from the recipient couple to produce embryos; these will be transferred to the recipient in order to achieve pregnancy. As such, oocytes donation makes the miracle of life possible for women who would who cannot bear children.
Egg donation became legalized in India with the passing of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Bill drafted in 2010 to address infertility treatment. The bill has specific regulations on egg donation. Donors must fulfill a series of requirements in order to donate their eggs namely -:
- Age: 18 to 35
- Their genetic history must comply with the requirements of the legislation currently in force.
- They must have a normal reproductive system.
In order to be accepted for the oocyte donation, women must undergo a full medical and psychological assessment that provides us with valuable information about their fertility, their state of health and their potential to become mothers. They are given a very thorough gynecological check-up which will rule out the presence of cysts, myomas, polyps and other irregularities of the reproductive organs. A chromosomal study will also be carried out to rule out the possibility of any future defects in her own babies or in babies born to recipients of her oocytes. It will be confirmed that she is free from any transmissible diseases such as HIV, hepatitis, and syphilis, and her blood group and Rh factor will also be checked.
According to the law on assisted reproduction techniques, oocyte donation is anonymous and voluntary, and the identity of the donors or recipients is not revealed. However, information which is important for monitoring the pregnancy correctly can be provided, such as the blood group and age of the donor.
The woman receiving the embryos must undergo treatment to prepare her endometrium prior to embryo transfer.
Recipient women are given medication to prepare their uterus for implantation by the transferred embryos. While they are waiting for a donation, they must keep in close contact with their doctors to stay updated about the procedure.
As soon as there is a suitable donation, the patients will be informed about how the procedure will be taken forward. Sufficient follow-up sessions will be conducted to ensure that the process of fertilization of the oocytes goes smoothly.